It is the major health problem at global scale, because it is the most significant cause of many life threatening diseases (Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Cardiovascular disease etc.). Body mass index (BMI) is the tool that is most commonly used to evaluate obesity.
It is calculated as body weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of height (in meters).
18.5-24.9 kg/m2 Healthy
25-29.9 kg/m2 Overweight
30-40 kg/m2 Obese
40 kg/m2 Morbid obese
50 kg/m2 Super-morbid obese
A high body mass index score does not always imply obesity. A detailed body analysis is a must for diagnosis of obesity. Diagnosis of obesity is made, if the analysis indicates regional (on the waist) or total fat accumulation.
Is obesity a treatable condition?
There are surgical or non-surgical treatment options for obesity that implies high body fat ratio. Losing excessive weight will also help you recover from all conditions caused by obesity.
What are surgical treatment options of obesity?
Obesity surgeries are named after their mechanism of action. On the other hand, the mechanism of action is dictated by co-existing diseases. Accordingly, surgeries are divided into three groups;
- Restrictive surgery
- Sleeve Gastrectomy
- Surgeries that impair absorption of foods:
- Gastric Bypass
- Combined surgeries that are both restrictive and impair absorption
- Duodenal switch, SADI-S